Some students seem naturally enthusiastic about learning, but many need their instructors to stimulate them: "Effective learning in the classroom depends on the teacher's ability ..
Many factors affect student's motivation to work and to learn : interest in the subject matter, its usefulness, general desire to achieve, self-confidence as well as patience .
To encourage students to become self-motivated independent learners, instructors can do the following:
Make use of students' existing needs. Students learn best when incentives for learning in a classroom satisfy their own motives for enrolling in the course. Some of the needs your students may bring to the classroom are the need to learn something in order to complete a task or an activity, the need to seek new experiences, the need to perfect skills, the need to overcome challenges, the need to succeed , the need to interact with other people. Satisfying such needs is rewarding in itself, and such rewards increase learning more effectively than do grades.
Make students active participants in learning.Students learn by doing, making, writing, designing, creating, solving. Don't tell students something when you can ask them. Encourage students to suggest solutions to a problem or to guess the results of an experiment. Use small group work.
Ask students to analyze what makes their classes more or less "motivating." Ask students to make a list of specific aspects that influences his or her level of motivation
Incorporating Instructional Behaviors That Motivate Students
Hold high realistic expectations for your students.Research has shown that a teacher's expectations have a powerful effect on a student's performance. If you act as though you expect your students to be motivated, hardworking, and interested in the course, they are more likely to be so.
Help students set achievable goals for themselves.Encourage students to focus on their continued improvement, not just on their grade on any one test . Help students to work on their weaknesses.
Tell students what they need to do to succeed in your course.Reassure students that they can do well in your course, and tell them exactly what they must do to succeed.
Strengthen students' self-motivation.Avoid messages that reinforce your power as an instructor.
Avoid creating intense competition among students.Competition produces anxiety, which can interfere with learning. Reduce students' tendencies to compare themselves to one another.
Be enthusiastic about your subject.
An instructor's enthusiasm is an important factor in student motivation. If you become bored , students will be bored too.